Media Law and Ethics CMC4713
Final Assignment (CSA) Brief
A comparative analysis paper
In this assignment students are required to submit a paper analysing the area of media law and ethics in the UAE in comparison to international practices. Apart from the UAE, students are at liberty to choose any country for their comparative analysis. While there are no ‘right or wrong’ essays, there are good and bad ones. A good essay is well-researched and a bad essay lacks research. Therefore, it is highly advised that students choose a country that interests them, one that they find thought-provoking or contentious. Students have to demonstrate their full understanding and explain the meaning of the key concepts they use in their papers. For instance, they should not use words such as “libel”, “ethics” or “cultural relativism” without thinking through and explaining what these terms mean. Students have to analyse the subject matter rather than just describe it. They have to construct a coherent and interesting argument within their paper with an introduction, body and conclusion. They are to ensure that the conclusions they draw answer the question from the introduction. They should also support their argument with relevant case studies/examples.
This course introduces students to various aspects of media law and ethics in mass media. Students investigate major ethical frameworks and moral values and examine how they relate to various professional situations. In this assessment, students will exhibit their ability to examine and evaluate to what extent law and ethical codes are relevant to mass media practice in international context.
Students will submit the below components: Research paper: Students will write a 1,500 (+/-10%) research paper divided into the following sections:
a) Introduction: generally introduce your paper and your two countries choice and
outline the focus of your paper
b) Law Overview: create a review of your selected countries law including major
information about their penal code and media law
c) Comparative argument: compare chosen areas of media law between the
countries, supporting your statements with relevant evidence and case studies
d) Recommendations: make recommendations explaining how media law in the
chosen countries should be adjusted and offer relevant rationale
e) References: Use APA or MLA style law homework help writing service to provide in-text citations and references. Papers are to be submitted to safe assign in BBLearn. No need to submit a hard copy of the research paper. Papers should be approximately 1,500 words. Work turned in late will incur a 10% penalty.
Submission deadline: Week 16 (10 December)
Media Law and Ethics
The paper seeks to compare media law and ethics in Egypt and U.A.E compared to international media practices. In the UAE and other international countries, media regulations are important in ensuring that the basic human rights of expression are not ganged. The media laws in the Middle East including Egypt and the UAE faces significant ethical concerns. For example, the lack of freedom of the media has lead to numerous problems in the region. Among other Arab nations, the UAE and Egypt have taken serious actions to restrict the freedom of expression (Herring, 2014). However, they have not developed firm legal frameworks to undermine the media. Despite of this, these countries lacks supportive media laws unlike the international community, which advocates for the freedom of the media.
In UAE, media coverage places numerous people in legal risks whom are unaware of the legal media provisions. In terms of defamatory, penal code of UAE makes it a criminal offense to publish any information that leads to public hatred or makes false accusations towards a person. Similarly, the cyber crimes law has provisions, which prevents individuals from insulting others. For example, a user who posts defamatory information in the social media violates the provisions. UAE and Egypt laws also protects commercial interests of companies by preventing the posting and spreading of nonsubstantiated information through the internet (Ghannam, 2011).
Unlike other international nations, the UAE constitution does not provide for the freedom of expression. Article 30 of the UAE constitution indicates that the freedom of opinion will be enjoyed with the limits of the constitutional regulations. Both the UAE penal code and media law have numerous limitations, which restricts journalism. The UAE and Egypt constitution differs significantly from the international media law, which promotes societal cohesion as well as providing for the individual freedoms.
As in the case of international law and provisions, both UAE and Egypt recognizes the importance of privacy and confidentiality. The media is expected is to maintain high levels of privacy and confidentiality. In UAE law, revealing secretes relating to individual’s private life without their permission could attract increased liability under the penal code. In both international and UAE, copyrights laws have been developed to avoid the copying and stealing other people’s ideas and intellectual property. The copyrights laws are stricter in UAE compared to the international practices, which faces challenges from the different national laws.
The UAE penal codes offer strict regulations relating to defamation, which have significant impacts on media freedom. Article 372 of the Federal Law explains that any persons liable for defamation shall be liable for a punishment by detention or fine not exceeding $5, 400. Legal observers have noted that there is no defense against any libel arguments in the UAE.
The defamation regulations have been used in reporting issues related to unethical business practices. Thus, the defamation and copyrights laws should be improved and well designed to address all the legal issues facing the media.
Based on the current media law and ethics, it is important for UAE and Egypt to develop sensible media laws, which could help in providing for the freedom of expression of the media. The absence of effective media laws exposes the countries to illiteracy and lack of awareness. Since, the citizens would not be educated on the various issues affecting their economies. Additionally, the media laws in UAE and Egypt including the penal code should not be used to victimize the media such as the defamation limitations (Price, Verhulst & Morgan, 2013). Therefore, the media laws in UAE and UAE are insufficient and thus, the government should improve the international media regulations and ethical practices.
Ghannam, J. (2011). Social media in the Arab world: Leading up to the uprisings of 2011. Center for international media assistance, 3.
Herring, J. (2014). Medical law and ethics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Price, M. E., Verhulst, S. G., & Morgan, L. (2013). Routledge handbook of media law. London, UK: Routledge.